dcsimg

Uncorked - Your Guide To Red Wine

Uncorked - Your Guide To Red Wine

A Crash Course in Red Wine

Red wine is made from ripened grapes that are picked when the level of sugar and acid has reached the correct balance. Once picked, the grapes are crushed and the juice is placed in a vat along with the skins, the pulp, and sometimes the stems. Yeast is also added to initiate fermentation. This mixture is called the "must" and typically ferments in the vat for 4 to 14 days. When the fermentation process has finished, which means that all of the sugar in the grapes has been converted to alcohol, the juice is separated from the solids and placed in wooden barrels or metal casks so that it can age. It takes anywhere from 9 months to 2 1/2 years before the wine is ready to be put into bottles and then sometimes numerous years after that before the wine is ready to be consumed.

Red Wine Varietals

Wine can be made from a single type of grape varietal, a blend of varietals, or a blend of unspecified grapes. Each varietal or blend of varietals imparts different flavors to a wine. Often wines are recognized by their standard blends and taste profiles, such as Bordeaux wines, which are always a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot. Wines from a single grape varietal, on the other hand, taste like that particular grape (Pinot Noir, for example) but differ from one another based on which region the grape was grown in and how the wine was produced. Wines are either labeled by the varietal used or a geographic name that dictates the grape type, such as Chianti. If neither of these is specified you generally won't know which grapes were used to make the wine. These types of wines are often called "house wines" or "table wines."

Storing Red Wine

How and where you store your wine greatly affects how long it lasts and what condition it will be in when you decide to open it. Wine is at its best when stored between 45 and 65 degrees and should be kept away from bright light, particularly ultraviolet light, which can cause it to prematurely age. Drastic fluctuations in temperature cause a wine to expand and contract, which can ultimately affect the integrity of the cork and allow wine to seep out. A bit of humidity is good for wine so the corks do not dry out and shrink. Constant vibrations and poor ventilation also adversely affect a bottle of wine. Most wine is intended to be consumed when it is sold, or soon thereafter, and unless you have adequate and proper storage space you are best off purchasing wines that are ready to be consumed. Red wines should be stored horizontally so that the wine stays in contact with the cork and prevents it from drying out.

If you do not finish a bottle of wine the same day that you open it, do not dispose of it. An open bottle of wine lasts longer than many of us have been made to believe. Re-cork the bottle to prevent any oxygen from getting in and put it in the refrigerator. Residual sugars, acidity, and tannins all act as preservatives in wine as does the low temperature of the refrigerator. When refrigerated, an opened and re-corked bottle of wine will last for 3 to 5 days after opening. If you prefer your wine at room temperature, simply take the bottle out of the refrigerator an hour or so before you intend to drink it.

Popular Red Wine Varietals, Recipes for Success

Some of the most common types of red wine varietals are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah (also called Shiraz), Sangiovese, Grenache, Barolo, Cabernet Franc, and Zinfandel. Check out the recipes to the right for some fantastic red wine pairings!

About the Author

After receiving degrees from the University of Wisconsin and the Culinary Institute of America, Andrea Rappaport moved into a full-time career in the restaurant business. For over 12 years, she worked in various culinary jobs, including as a cook for Wolfgang Puck at Spago, and ultimately as the executive chef and partner of the highly revered San Francisco restaurant Zinzino. For the past seven years, Andrea has worked as the private chef for one family in the San Francisco area, and continues to expand her culinary portfolio by catering, teaching, and consulting.

Featured Culinary Schools

Searching Searching ...

Matching School Ads
2 Program(s) Found
  • Alumni have appeared in reality competition shows such as Top Chef and Project Runway.
  • Has a team of about 4,000 faculty members focused on helping students tap opportunities in a marketplace driven by ideas.
  • Offers programs in design, media arts, fashion, and culinary.
  • Provides program coordinators who work with students to ensure they have the learning materials, assignments, facilities, and faculty to get the most out of the program.
  • Over 50 campus locations nationwide.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
5 Program(s) Found
Le Cordon Bleu Schools of North America , Online (campus option available)
  • Its first location, in Paris, officially opened its doors as a culinary school in 1895.
  • Teaches students by having them spend significant time in the kitchen practicing precision techniques.
  • Provide hands-on training from instructors who are certified, master chefs.
  • Offer flexible schedules and online programs.
  • Has 30 schools worldwide, spanning 5 continents, including 17 campuses in the U.S.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Online Courses
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
  • Founded in Southern California in 1998 by dog training expert Steven Appelbaum.
  • The largest independent dog training company in the United States.
  • Offers 11-stage programs that feature an in-home study component along with a hands-on training module.
  • A member of the MyCAA Financial Assistance program, which offers eligible military spouses up to $4,000 of tuition assistance that can be used towards any of their courses.
  • Helps graduates find employment and coaches those who are looking to start their own business.
Show more [+]
  • Online Courses
  • Ranked #11 in the 2015 Best Graduate Schools in Social Work by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Offers more specialization opportunities than any other social work program, with 10 concentrations and sub-concentrations and 8 dual-degree programs.
  • The first elite researching university to offer a Master of Social Work degree online.
  • Has 4,000 field internship opportunities that give students real-world experience.
Show more [+]
  • Online Courses
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
  • Dedicated to providing a hands-on, career-focused education since 1953.
  • Offers classes online, as well as at 14 campuses across California, Colorado, Georgia, Illinois and Virginia.
  • Develops curriculum with input from employers, subject matter experts.
  • Has small class sizes to promote one-on-one, student-teacher interaction.
  • Makes no-cost tutoring available in every subject to every enrolled student.
Show more [+]
  • Accredited
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Some campuses host low-cost medical and dental clinics, where students can get real-world experience.
  • Designated as 2015 Military Friendly School by Victory Media.
  • Approved A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau (BBB) since 1976.
  • Campus-specific accreditation from the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS), Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC), and the Council on Occupational Education (COE).
  • 16 campus locations across the United States.
Show more [+]
  • Financial Aid
  • A post-secondary school that offers a variety of degree and diploma programs including medical billing, nursing, and more.
  • Offers many programs that can be completed in 10 months or less.
  • Students take one class at a time, and can access their courses online 24/7.
  • Approved for the Military Spouse Career Advancement Accounts (MyCAA) program.
  • Has a Clinical Placement department that works to place students in clinical sites throughout the country.
  • Institutionally accredited by the Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES).
Show more [+]
  • Online Courses
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
UEI College , El Monte
  • Dedicated to providing  career training since 1975.
  • Has 13 campus locations in Southern California and a campus in Morrow, GA.
  • Provides flexible class times including weekends.
  • Offers curriculum that ranges from 8 month diploma programs to 16-month Associate of Applied Science degree programs.
  • Has admissions professionals available to help students decide which diploma or degree program they should pursue.
  • Gives job placement assistance strengthened by relationships with local employers.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
  • Ranked among the Best National Universities in 2014 & 2015 by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Ranked #7 Best College for Veterans in 2015 by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Has over 240,000 alumni on record, including Joseph Biden, Stephen Crane, Dick Clark, and Joyce Carol Oates.
  • Offers study abroad programs in several countries all over the world.
  • Has achieved accreditation from the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE).
  • Its main campus is located in Syracuse, New York, with extended campuses in a number of major metro cities including Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, New York City, and more.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Online Courses
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
  • Has students attend one four-week class at a time and take their final exam before moving on to their next class.
  • Offers 24/7 online tech support, with a typical response time of 4 hours or less.
  • Has online help centers that offer assistance with writing, statistics, medical assisting, and more.
  • Provides job placement assistance to all its students and alumni.
  • Researches trends for growing fields to tailor a more effective curriculum.
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Online Courses
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
  • Ranked 33rd among the Best Grad Schools for Social Work in 2015 by U.S. News and World Report.
  • Founded in 1904 as the nation’s first institute of higher learning to offer training for clinical social workers.
  • Provides a rigorous education, including a nationally accredited Master of Social Work (MSW) Program and PhD in Social Work.  
  • Offers inventive programs with hands-on experience.  
  • Incorporates social justice values and multicultural perspectives into curriculum. 
Show more [+]
  • Online Courses
  • Offers several scholarship opportunities for students who qualify.
  • Laptop computers are issued to each student at the beginning of their program.
  • Provides programs in health care, business, information technology, and graphic arts.
  • Respiratory Therapy program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC).
  • Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC).
Show more [+]
Good for Working Adults
  • Accredited
  • Flexible Scheduling
  • Accelerated Programs
  • Financial Aid

American University’s Kogod School of Business has been educating business leaders since opening its doors in 1955 as Washington D.C.’s first university-level school of business. Faculty members are scholars who are dedicated to fostering collaborative learning environments.

  • Online Courses
  • Ranked among the Best National Universities in 2015 by U.S. News & World Report.
  • Designated as a 2014 Military Friendly School by Victory Media.
  • Houses one of the largest library systems in the Pacific Northwest, with 3 libraries on the Pullman campus and a library at each regional campus.
  • Accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities (NWCCU).
  • Has 5 Washington campuses in Pullman, Spokane, Tri-Cities, Vancouver, and Everett.
Show more [+]
  • Accredited
  • Online Courses
  • Financial Aid
  • Transferable Credits
Penn Foster , Online
  • Offers more than 150 self-paced, career-relevant programs that are connected to a supportive 24/7 online community of students and faculty.
  • Profiled in many publications such as The Boston Globe, Fox Business, and  Inside Higher Ed.
  • Nearly 25,000 graduates each year.
  • Accredited by the Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC).
  • Founded in 1890 in Scranton, Pennsylvania    
Show more [+]
  • Online Courses